Calorie restriction (CR) is a dietary regimen that supports healthy aging. In this study, we investigated the systemic and liver-specific responses caused by a diet switch to a medium-fat (MF) diet in 24-month-old lifelong, CR-exposed mice. This study aimed to increase the knowledge base on dietary alterations of gerontological relevance. Nine-week-old C57BL/6J mice were exposed either to a control, CR, or MF diet. At the age of 24 months, a subset of mice of the CR group was transferred to ad libitumMF feeding (CR-MF). The mice were sacrificed at the age of 28 months, and then, biochemical and molecular analyses were performed. Our results showed that, despite the long-term exposure to the CR regimen, mice in the CR-MF group displayed hyperphagia, rapid weight gain, and hepatic steatosis. However, no hepatic fibrosis/injury or alteration in CR-improved survival was observed in the diet switch group. The liver transcriptomic profile of CR-MF mice largely shifted to a profile similar to the MF-fed animals but leaving ~22% of the 1,578 differentially regulated genes between the CR and MF diet groups comparable with the expression of the lifelong CR group. Therefore, although the diet switch was performed at an old age, the CR-MF-exposed mice showed plasticity in coping with the challenge of a MF diet without developing severe liver pathologies.
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Auteurs: Fenni Rusli¹, Mark V. Boekschoten¹ , Vincenzo Borelli², Chen Sun¹, Carolien Lute¹, Aswin L. Menke³, Joost van den Heuvel ⁴ ⁵ , Stefano Salvioli² , Claudio Franceschi² , Michael Muller ⁶ , Wilma T. Steegenga¹
Affiliates: ¹Division of Human Nutrition, Nutrition, Metabolism & Genomics Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands, ² Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy, ³ TNO-Triskelion, Zeist, The Netherlands, ⁴ Institute for Cell and Molecular Biosciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK, ⁵Laboratory of Genetics, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands,⁶ Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK Correspondence Wilma T. Steegenga, Division of Human Nutrition, Nutrition, Metabolism & Genomics Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Funding information This work was financially supported by European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2011) IDEAL-Aging under grant agreement no. 259679